A malocclusion is a general misalignment of the teeth. It can also be a faulty alliance between the upper arch (maxilla) and lower arch (mandible). A malocclusion may develop from genetic factors and poor oral habits.
Three main allocations of malocclusion:
Class I: There is some spacing or overcrowding problems with the other teeth.
Class II: There is an overbite, which usually occurs when the upper teeth are arranged further than the lower teeth.
Class III: There is an underbite, which usually occurs when the jawbone is large or the maxillary bone is short.
Why treat a malocclusion?
- The uneven wear pattern of the teeth may cause tooth erosion and decay.
- Overcrowding and poorly aligned teeth may make it difficult to effectively clean the teeth and gums.
- Avoid headaches, facial pains and grinding teeth during sleep from malocclusions.
Types of treatments:
- Fixed multibracket braces: “Full braces” help guide the teeth to proper alignment.
- Removable devices: Non-fixed dental braces, such as retainers, headgear and palate expanders are common removable devices that hold teeth in the correct position. This helps the jawbone grow properly around the teeth.
- Invisalign®: Invisalign is a transparent aligner that adjusts teeth, similar to wire braces.