Research depicts that individuals who are diabetic have an increase risk of developing infections than those who are not diabetic. When the diabetes is not under consistent control, it is known to be the sixth complication of periodontitis.
Periodontal disease (periodontitis), is the gradual condition which results in the recession of the gum or jawbone, and ultimately tooth loss. Periodontal disease may lead to severe health problems in various parts of the body due to the toxins found in plaque. When the gum tissues become inflamed, the destructive results include the irritation of the gingiva (gum tissue). This in turn causes bacterial infection (gingivitis) that results in the damage of the underlying bone and gum tissue.
Diabetes is a vital condition that may lead to heart disease and stroke and is compromised by excessive glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream. Since regulation of insulin is impossible for Type II diabetics, excessive glucose remains in the blood. In contrast, Type I diabetics do not produce any insulin at all.
Experts suggest that the main reason there is a correlation between diabetes and periodontal disease is that it can intensify both conditions
if either condition is not responsibly controlled. The correlation between the two diseases are numerous, the links between diabetes and periodontitis include increased blood sugar, blood vessel thickening, smoking, and poor oral hygiene.
Diagnosis and Treatment
It is absolutely vital from individual who suffer from Type I or Type II diabetes to consult with a dentist biannually for checkups and professional cleanings. Research shows that non-surgical treatments for periodontal disease decrease the HbA1c (hemoglobin molecule blood test) count by as much as 20%.
The assessment for diagnosis and treatment includes the individual’s medical history, family history, and dental X-rays to observe the risks in order to better diagnosis the condition of the gums, teeth, and lower jawbone. To make sure both conditions are being properly taken care of, your dentist may consult with a physician about taking measure regarding the gum disease and diabetes
The dentist may perform root planing and deep scaling procedures to cleanse the pockets of debris. A combination of antibiotics and medicated mouthwashes may be used to kill any remaining bacteria and promote the healing of the pockets. Before the implementation of any treatment, the dentist and hygienist will recommend home care and oral maintenance as well as prescribing mouthwashes that prevent increasing bacteria.
Please ask your dentist if you have questions or concerns about diabetes or periodontal disease.