Periodontists are professionals who perform dental implants and treat gum disease. They specialize in scaling and root planing deep pockets in the gum. The prescription of antifungal medication and antibiotics also assist in treating infection and cease the disease from developing. Apart from dental school, periodontists have to train for an additional three years beyond dental to school, and are acquainted with the advanced methods essential to treating periodontal disease and place dental implants.
In the case of a tooth loss, a periodontist specializes in grafting tissues in deep pockets that increases natural regeneration of the tissue. An alternative to tissue regeneration is supplementing the tooth loss with dental implants. The periodontist can also re-contour gum recession that may occur as a result of gingivitis, creating a smooth and appealing appearance.
Since the initial stages of the disease are painless, periodontal often times goes undetected; Four out of five individuals have periodontal disease and do not know. The disease is the number one cause of tooth loss. Studies show there is a potential link between other diseases and periodontal disease – such as cardiovascular
disease, diabetes, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, and amplified risk of these diseases during pregnancy. A healthy diet, proficient oral hygiene, and regular dental check-ups can reduce the hazards of periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
- Tenderness or Discomfort: Bacteria, Plaque, and calculus inflame the gums and teeth.
- Receding gums: Loss of gum around a tooth.
- Persistent bad breath: Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
- Bleeding gums: Gums should never bleed, even when brushed vigorously or use dental floss.
- Loose teeth: Caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers that support the tooth to the bone.
- New spacing between teeth: Caused by bone loss.
- Pus around the gums or teeth: Signals a possible infection.
- Red and puffy gums: Gums should never be red or swollen.
- What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
Also known as periodontitis and gum disease, periodontal disease is an inflammatory ailment that attacks the gum and bone around the teeth. Plaque is a sticky deposit on teeth in which bacteria multiply and if gone unattended, transforms into calculus (tartar).