Gingivitis or Mild Periodontal Disease
The most common signs of periodontal disease are observed in Gingivitis – a mild inflammation of the gums. When toxins colonize in the plaque it leads to gingivitis. Those who are most susceptible to gingivitis are women who consume birth control or are pregnant, steroid users, individuals who maintain blood pressure and seizures via medication, and uncontrolled diabetics.
Treatment: Gingivitis is easily reversible using a solid combination of home care and professional cleaning. The dentist may perform root planing and deep scaling procedures to cleanse the pockets of debris. A combination of antibiotics and medicated mouthwashes may be used to kill any remaining bacteria and promote the healing of the pockets.
Chronic Periodontal Disease
Chronic Periodontal Disease is the most common form of periodontitis and is more prevalent in individuals who are over 45 years old. The inflammation of the gum line, gradual gum recession, destruction of the bone tissue and gingival are some common features of chronic periodontal disease.
Treatment: The supportive tissue in the gums cannot be reconstructed in chronic periodontitis and cannot be entirely cured. Nonetheless, through root planing, scaling and antimicrobial procedures, the development of can be stopped. If essential, tissue grafting and pocket reduction surgery is performed to fortify the bone and improve the physical features of the oral cavity.
Aggressive Periodontal Disease
Essentially, aggressive periodontal disease is the same as chronic periodontitis but instead develops much more rapidly. The loss of bone tissue and gum attachment, and genetic predisposition are causes of aggressive periodontal disease. Smokers and those with a familial history of the disease are much more likely to develop aggressive periodontal disease.
Treatment: Since aggressive periodontal disease is the same as chronic periodontitis, the treatments are also similar. However, aggressive periodontitis patients are more likely to go through a surgical procedure. Although treatment is more complex, through root planing, scaling and antimicrobial procedures, your dentist will attempt to stop the development of the disease.
Periodontal Disease Relating to Systemic Conditions
Periodontal disease can be an indication of an underlying condition impacting the rest of the body.
The way in which aggressive periodontal disease behaves is contingent upon the original illness. Other factors include diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory disease.
Treatment: First and foremost, the disease that instigated the periodontitis must be maintained. The development of the disease is prevented through remedies equivalent to aggressive and chronic periodontal disease.