Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons specialize in managing and treating facial trauma. Fractured teeth, jaws and facial bones, along with lacerations and knocked out teeth are examples of injuries requiring facial trauma reconstruction.
Trauma assessment classifications:
Soft Tissue Injuries: Examples of soft tissue trauma are lacerations to the skin and any kind of intraoral (gum) damage.
Avulsed Teeth: Also known as knocked out teeth. Injuries to the teeth must be corrected immediately to insure success of restoration.
Bony Injuries: These injuries include the entire face, such as fractured cheekbones, jawbones, eye sockets, palates and noses.
Special Regions: Refers to the nerves in the face, the eyes, and the salivary glands.
What is the process of correcting facial trauma?
- Bones are held together firmly by wiring or inserting small plates and screws.
- Stiches will help treat soft tissue lacerations.
- Knocked out teeth can potentially be re-inserted in some cases.
- A prosthetic tooth may be implanted to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.
- Root canal therapy may be required as well.